AC Causes Environmental Damage: Myth Or Fact

Whenever there is a considerable rise in the temperature around us, air conditioners come to our rescue. Sometimes there will be spending the whole day in an air-conditioned room to beat the heat. This prolonged use of air conditioners is believed to cause more damage to the environment. But there are some doubts as to what extent it is true. Following are some myths and facts about the environmental damage that AC is believed to cause.


1. A prevalent myth is that the use of AC causes the depletion of the earth’s ozone layer (pollution). This belief has been raised among many people because of the refrigerants used in the AC system. When this refrigerant is released while the AC system is being serviced, it causes ozone depletion. Hence it must be understood that only when the refrigerant is released, it causes damage, and when it is recovered rather than being released, it will not cause damage. As long as the refrigerant remains in the closed system, it will not cause damage to the ozone layer, but when it leaks, it pollutes the environment. Hence the fact that is to be accepted instead of the myth is that when the properly functioning AC operates, no matter how long, it does not cause ozone damage. 

2. The second myth is related to the first myth, i.e. using AC causes climate change (indirectly), i.e. damage to ozone leads to climate change. Even here, the refrigerant is said to play the main role. So, as mentioned above, as long as the refrigerant is contained, it will not cause any damage to the ozone, which in turn will not cause climate change.


  1. The next issue to be addressed is the fact that AC requires more amount of energy to function. Hence the more fuel used, the more will be the release of Carbon-dioxide (CO2) which is a global warming gas. This causes environmental damage.
  2. The next fact about AC causing environmental damage is the type of material that is used to manufacture AC. Nowadays, plastic is being used while manufacturing AC because it is of less weight when compared to metal. It also helps in saving electricity. But plastic is not eco-friendly, as it is non-biodegradable. While plastic is produced, it releases carbon dioxide, again leading to environmental damage.
  3. The use of AC also causes small-scale damage, i.e. to humans. In the long run, there will be dust and other foreign substances that are collected in the AC while it is functioning. If they are not cleaned regularly, it might be toxic to humans. 


The AC systems having refrigerants that contain eco-friendly gases are replacing ozone-depleting gases like CFC (Chlorofluorocarbon) by many AC manufacturing companies.  It helps curb negative impacts on global warming. So, it is a fact to be understood that the AC manufacturing companies are very much concerned about the environmental damage that the AC is believed to cause and are trying to address it. A Climate control air conditioning system is the best investment.